CORREGGIO, Antonio (Antonio Allegri)

(c. 1490-1534)
Antonio Correggio was the most important painter of the High Renaissance in northern Italy outside of Venice; his art combined technical control with a profound expressive effect that exercised a strong influence on the development of baroque art.
Born in a provincial backwater, the town of Correggio in north central Italy, Correggio seems to have appeared out of the blue. His training and education are unknown, although it has been suggested that he may have apprenticed with a pupil of Andrea Mantegna. In 1519 he moved to Parma, where he worked until 1530. There he painted a series of panels and frescoes that create an ex­traordinary effect on the viewer.
Correggio's first impressive work is a fresco decoration, 1520-25, in the dome and apse of San Giovanni Evangelisti in Parma. The decoration is not a cycle, but a single event—the vision of St. John the Evangelist on Patmos—painted with all the illusionistic techniques and dramatic energy the artist could muster. The success of this work led to the commission for a fresco in the much larger dome of Parma Cathedral (1526-30). Although the subject is different—the Assumption of the Virgin—Correggio uses the same illusionism, agitation, and naturalism that served him so well in San Giovanni. Both frescoes reveal an artist who tries to draw the spectator into the religious event, physically and emotionally.
At the same time, Correggio painted a series of altarpieces that work to in­volve the viewer. They are characterized by active figures, intense feeling, and strong light effects. Rather than traditional symmetry and clear space, he uses asymmetrical compositions and sharp foreshortenings to convey an air of ex­citement.
From the 1520s on Correggio also produced a number of mythological paint­ings for private collectors, the most famous of which is Jupiter and Io (Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum, c. 1532). These lush and tactile paintings deal openly with human sexuality; arousal, pleasure, and sensory stimulation are all suggested by Correggio's naturalistic forms, dramatic light, and dynamic com­positions.
Correggio was obviously familiar with the art of Leonardo da Vinci, Mi­chelangelo,* Raphael,* and Titian,* but the effect of his work goes beyond what these High Renaissance masters attempted. His intensity of expression and form can only be defined as protobaroque.
Bibliography
D. Ekserdjian, Correggio, 1997.
C. Gould, The Paintings of Correggio, 1976.
Jane C. Long

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Correggio, Antonio Allegri — Correggio, Antonio Allegri, erblickte zu Correggio im Modenesischen 1494 das Licht der Welt. Der Ruf sagt von ihm, er habe nie einen Lehrer gehabt, dagegen versichern mehrere Quellen, daß schon sein O heim Lorenzo ihn unterrichtet und daß er… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Correggio,Antonio Allegri da — Cor·reg·gio (kə rĕjʹō, kō rĕdʹjō), Antonio Allegri da. 1494 1534. Italian High Renaissance painter known for his use of chiaroscuro. Among his works are devotional pictures, including Holy Night, and frescoes, such as those in the convent of San… …   Universalium

  • Correggio, Antonio Allegri — (c1494 Corregio 3/5/1534 Corregio) (Italy); aka nee Allegri, Antonio / Laetus / Lieto    Painter and draughtsman. Considered perhaps the most important northern Italian painter in the early 16th century. His works on the loves of Jupiter and… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Correggio, Antonio Allegri da — (1494 1534)    Painter from Parma whose works anticipated the artistic developments of the Baroque era. Correggio was deeply influenced by Leonardo da Vinci, from whom he adopted the emphasis on earth tones and use of sfumato to soften contours.… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • CORREGGIO, ANTONIO ALLEGRI DA —    an illustrious Italian painter, born at Correggio, in Modena; founder of the Lombard school, and distinguished among his contemporaries for the grace of his figures and the harmony of his colouring; he has been ranked next to Raphael, and it… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Correggio, Antonio Allegri, llamado el — ► (1489 1534) Pintor italiano. Entre sus obras destacan la Madona de san Francisco (1514 15) y Los desposorios místicos de santa Catalina; pinturas de temática religiosa como Noli me tangere (1522 23), la Virgen de san Jerónimo, llamada también… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Correggio, Antonio Allegri da —  (1494–1534) Italian painter …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Antonio Allegri da Correggio — Antonio Allegri da Correggio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antonio Allegri —     Antonio Allegri     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Antonio Allegri     Born in Correggio, a small Lombard town near Mantua, 1494; died 5 March, 1534. His name in history is that of his birthplace, but he is often called The Master of Parma .… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Antonio Allegri da Correggio — (agosto de 1489 5 de marzo de 1534) fue un pintor italiano del renacimiento. Sus trabajos tienen ecos del estilo de Mantegna. Fue influenciado por Lorenzo Costa y Leonardo da Vinci. Es comúnmente considerado como pionero del uso de la luz. Sus… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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